Water is not an inert gas, but can be made to react with various elements so that its properties can be observed. These elements are: hydrogen, helium, neon, nitrogen, krypton, neon-hydrogen, argon, boron, carbon-oxide, and carbon dioxide.
Because water has these different nuclei, it can only react with substances which have those same nuclei. Because of this, any reactants that are present in the water must have the same nuclei as that in the substance, hence there must be an initial reaction. This initial reaction is called the initial oxidation state (IIO). The IIO is the actual state that we’ll create by reacting with water.
So what does this reaction look like? Oxygen and boron can each be reacted with the other to form boron carbide, which then forms carbon. However, helium only forms carbon through hydrogen-carbon bond formation. This means that even though the oxygen bonds can’t be broken, the resulting reactions still have this carbon atom bonding.
Nitrogen can’t form carbon, as a hydrogen/carbon bond doesn’t form. So to form carbon, the next step has to be by forming a combination of oxygen and boron.
Another possible reaction is by adding argon (as in carbon) and water. Since this argon can’t be converted into carbon, it has to be left to form carbon dioxide (carbon monoxide), which can only be broken by hydrogen-carbon bond formation. This is called the aqueous phase reaction.
The water reaction is the same process you’d use for an inert gas: hydrogen and oxygen react with each other. And again, since most reactants are present in water, these reactions have the same initial reaction. This is called the initial oxidation state (IO). The IO also has the following properties:
it can’t form a solid
and we don’t need to know the exact state of the reaction unless we want to
but it is usually stable under certain conditions.
So what happens if we want to add hydrogen atoms? To do that, we combine the aqueous phase hydrogen with argon and water, forming carbon dioxide. Since that initial carbon dioxide